Mathematics Dictionary

9789383945009

This dictionary is intended to be a reference book that gives reliable definitions or clear and precise explanations of mathematical terms.

Some entries give a straight definition in an opening phrase. Others give the definition in the form of a complete sentence, sometimes following an explanation of the context.

Mathematics is a group of related sciences, including algebra , geometry , and calculus, concerned with the study of number, quantity, shape , and space and their interrelationships by using a specialized notation. Mathematics reveals hidden patterns that help us understand the world around us. Now much more than arithmetic and geometry, mathematics today is a diverse discipline that deals with the data, measurement and observation from the science; with inference , deduction , and proof; and with mathematical models of natural phenomena, of human behaviour and of social system.

As a practical matter , mathematics is a science of pattern and order , the study of measurement, properties and the relationships of quantities, using number and symbols. its domain is not molecules or cells, but numbers, chance, form, algorithms, and change. As a science of abstract objects, mathematics relies on logic rather than on observation as its standard of truth, yet employs observation, simulation, and even experimentation as means of discovering truth.

The special role of mathematics in education is a consequence of its universal applicability. The result of mathematics – theorems and theories are both significant and useful; the best result are also elegant and deep. Through its theorem, mathematics offers science both a foundation of truth and a standard of certainty.

There are different branches of mathematics like algebra , trigonometry, differential calculus, integral calculus, differential equations , analytic geometry, plane geometry and solid geometry statistics.

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